Know more about Oily Skin

Oily skin is a condition that develops due to overactive sebaceous (oil) glands producing an abundance of sebum (oil). This activity is mainly controlled by androgens or the masculine hormone. Oily skin can be recognized by its shiny, thick, and firm appearance. Pores look enlarged, usually due to oil, stratum corneum cells and bacteria trapped in the philosebaceous follicle. An oily complexion tends to look dirty and uncared for—with occasional blemishes on the chin, cheeks, and/or the forehead area—and feels oily to the touch. Hot and humid climates tend to exacerbate oil gland secretion, making the skin oilier. Additionally, oily skin problems can be aggravated by the misuse of skin care products. There is a tendency to dry the skin either through the use of harsh soaps or through the excessive use of astringents or scrubs disrupting the barrier function of the skin and allowing water to evaporate. Overstimulation of skin functions through scrubbing or stimulating massage should be avoided. Oily skin can be classified into two subcategories: oily (without water deficiency) and oily dehydrated (with water deficiency). In the first case, the skin has proper hydration; while it feels and looks oily, it does not have the sensation of “dryness.” In the second subcategory, the skin lacks moisture. All the characteristics of oily skin are present but the individual tends to complain of “dry skin.” Often those with oily skin tend to use drying, dehydrating ingredients in an effort to feel “less oily.” The end result is skin that feels flaky, rough, and scaly. The usual thought when this type of condition develops is to “self-diagnose” as a dry skin type and purchase products rich in oils. As the skin already has enough oil, these products only aggravate the oily condition and result in blemishes, blackheads, etc. It is not unusual for individuals with oily skin to conclude that they do not need a moisturizer because they have oily skin. Thus, it is important to remember that oiliness comes from the oil glands, and moisture from the intercellular channels.
Care of oily skin requires thorough yet gentle cleansing morning and evening. Oil-free moisturizing gels or lotions will help the skin maintain its suppleness and moisture. Other products such as those that claim to help regulate oil gland secretion can be used; however, the effectiveness of these products is questionable and will be discussed in the next chapter. It is essential to keep oily skin clean and hydrated with appropriate cleansing and moisturizing. Exfoliators that also provide moisture to the skin, such as alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) or beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), or the weekly use of enzyme peels designed for oily skin are highly recommended. These products help improve the look and texture of oily skin by reducing oiliness, and pore size, and by normalizing exfoliation rates. When properly cared for, this is the preferred skin type since the wrinkle process appears to be delayed.